Infrastructure is an asset (physical and non-physical) that is designed in the system to be able to serve the community. Referring to the understanding of infrastructure, there are several types of infrastructure that you need to know about. In the meantime, if you wish to read the news regarding the infrastructure, economy, and industry of Brazil, we suggest you visit the ABDIB website.
Here are some types of infrastructure that support our civilization:
1. Hard Infrastructure
These are all infrastructure related to the construction of public physical facilities. Some are included in the hard infrastructure including;
2. Hard Non-Physical Infrastructure
These are all infrastructure related to public utility functions. Some of those included in non-physical hard infrastructure include;
Clean water supply.
Provision of telecommunications networks.
Provision of energy supply.
3. Soft infrastructure
Soft infrastructure is all related to the system, values, norms, regulations, and public services, which are provided by various parties, especially the government. Some of which include soft infrastructure including;
Quality public services.
Legal laws (trade, marriage, etc.).
Components and Examples of Infrastructure
Infrastructure built by the government and private sector consists of various components that support each other. According to the Integrated Urban Infrastructure Development Program, the following are some of the infrastructure components:
New city development.
Improvement of the village.
Improvement of market area infrastructure.
House for rent.
Meanwhile, according to the APWA (American Public Works Association), the infrastructure component consists of the following:
Clean water supply systems: reservoirs, water storage, transmission and distribution, water treatment facilities.
Wastewater management system: collection, treatment, disposal, and recycling.
Solid waste management facilities and their management systems.
Flood control facilities, irrigation drainage, water catchment areas.
Cross-water facilities and navigation systems.
Transportation facilities: highways, railroads, airports, including traffic signs and control facilities.
Public transit system.
Electrical system: production and distribution to the community.
Communication facilities and systems.
Natural gas facilities.
Public buildings: schools, hospitals.
Public housing facilities
Recreation areas; city parks, playgrounds, and stadiums.